As you are deciding on treatment, remember to tell each health care provider you work with about all the medications you are taking, including herbal or nutritional supplements, to ensure no potentially dangerous interactions occur. You can also get it as a tea, or as a liquid called a 'tincture', which you can take as drops in water. St. John’s wort (both oral or topical) can also increase the sensitivity of your skin and eyes to sunlight. It has been used for medicinal purposes in other parts of the world for thousands of years. Photo about St. John`s Wort flowers in the background of green leaves. Evergreen. Blumenthal M, Brinckmann J, Wollschlaeger B. St. John's Wort: Clinical Overview. St. John's wort is widely available in pharmacies, supermarkets, and health food stores and comes in different doses. Requirements and care: Full sunlight or partial shade. St. John’s wort, botanically known as Hypericum perforatum, is a wild plant native to Europe and Asia. Hypericum plants can grow in either a sunny area of the garden, or one that receives part shade. Researchers suspect that ingredients in the herb (hypericin and hyperforin) may increase levels of certain brain chemicals, like serotonin. Questions and Answers: A Trial of St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) for the Treatment of Major Depression. Drought tolerant. Unlike prescription and over-the-counter drugs, herbal supplements don't always come in child-proof containers. Named after St. John the Baptist, this plant goes into full bloom every 24th of June, which is also the feast of the Catholic saint. In the second and following years, the plant should be allowed to flower before harvesting, usually in June or July. What does St. John’s Wort do? The harvest season of St. John’s wort is short, lasting from late June to early July. It can make some drugs less effective while making the effect of others stronger. The types of medications that may interact with St. John's Wort include: St. John's wort can also interact with other herbs and supplements. Many plants belonging to the Hypericum genus are hardy perennials that range in height from 6 inches to 6 feet (15 to 180 cm), and they come into bloom in the summer or autumn. To help maintain its effectiveness, all preparations of the herb should be kept in a cool, dry, place. Flower Details: Yellow. Used in traditional medicine as an anti-depressant and as an antibiotic. St. John’s wort is an undemanding shrub that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Although the benefit of St. John's wort is still being explored, research suggests the herb can be more effective than a placebo in alleviating mild-to-moderate depression. Check the Supplement Facts label for the product you choose to ensure you are getting the appropriate dose. Miscellaneous: An invasive weed in many areas. Researchers looked at 29 previously published clinical trials (with a total of 5,489 participants) that compared the effects of St. John's wort to a placebo or standard antidepressant medication for a period of four to 12 weeks. Seedlings can be planted in the spring. Download this stock image: Saint John's Wort In Bloom - R5NN8T from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Golden saucer shaped flowers in the summer; three inch (7.5 cm diameter. Scientifically known as Hypericumperforatum, St. John’s wort is a perennial shrub-like plant that bears yellow flowers and is best known for its anti-depressant properties. Usually five petals. Transplant three weeks in advance of the expected last frost or at the start of autumn. St John's wort is sold in a variety of different forms. This label also provides information about other ingredients the supplement may contain. A seal of approval from these organizations assures a product was properly manufactured, that it actually includes the ingredients listed on the label, and does not contain harmful levels of contaminants. Up here in Vermont, they bloom for the whole month of July during the hottest and sunniest part of the year. Delaying or forgoing treatment for depression can have serious consequences. Spacing 6 to 36 inches (15 to 90 cm) dependent upon species size. St. John's wort may increase your risk of serious heart complications or other problems during surgery. It grows well in sand, clay, rocky soil or loam, and tolerates acidic to slightly alkaline pH. John's wort extract preparations are standardized to 0.3 percent hypericin. Even today it is often used as a replacement for expensive and over powerful prescription medications. Hypericum basically look after themselves once established in the garden. With a keen eye and practice, I can even spot them along the roadside at highway speed as the bright yellow bundles stand out well against the green background. One reason people may wish to try the natural remedy for depression (as opposed to antidepressants that can increase serotonin) is that St. John's wort tends to have fewer side effects than medications. The herb is also being explored for the following health concerns: An oil made from St. John’s wort has also been used topically for wound healing and a variety of other skin conditions such as eczema and hemorrhoids. Most members of the Hypericum genus are weeds and are often classified as being an invasive species. St. John's wort products need to be stored safely, just like any other medication. By the end of the eight-week trial, the average daily dose was 1,300mg per day. The St. John's wort plant has yellow flowers and is a weed in some parts of the U.S. One mature plant could fill a 4 x 6 space. In NIH-funded trials, participants were given a 300mg dose of a specific concentration of St. John's wort extract three times a day (900mg daily total). They require a good prune at the start of spring however. It said that scientists had pooled data from 29 studies that compared the effect of the plant Hypericum perforatum to placebos and anti-depressants in treating people with depression. Once sown lightly cover the St John's Wort seeds. 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The study's authors found that St. John's wort extracts may be more effective than a placebo and were as effective as standard antidepressants. John's wort is often used to treat depression and menopausal symptoms. Often used as groundcover and in areas with erosion. Name – Hypericum Family – Hypericaceae Type – shrub. Depending on species type, they can be used in different parts of the garden: small species are great for rock gardens, whereas larger ones are good to use in garden borders. Get our free guide when you sign up for our newsletter. UK Hardiness: H5 to H6 Today it is mainly used as an over-the-counter remedy to treat mild and moderate depression , and sometimes seasonal affective disorder (SAD) , mild anxiety and sleep problems . The herb can interact with medication in different ways. St. John's wort may worsen symptoms in people with certain conditions, including: Some research has indicated taking certain herbal supplements, including St. John's wort, may increase your risk of complications if you are put under anesthesia. If you require more plants then cuttings can be took in the spring or summer; or you may prefer to divide the plants; this can be done in the autumn once flowering has finished. People have been using St. John's wort for centuries. Everything feels more challenging when you're dealing with depression. Can grow in many soils but good drainage and a pH of 5.5 to 7.0 for best results. Height – 1 ½ to 6 ½ feet (50 to 200 cm) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – rich enough. A landscape workhorse, St. John’s wort is a champion at providing food and shelter to wildlife—especially pollinators—as well as adding blossoms, colorful foliage, and great texture to entry gardens, foundation plantings, perennial beds, and mixed shrub borders. 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