CABI, Undated. Riverdale MD, USA: Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Mycobiology, 43(2):170-173. http://mycobiology.or.kr/search.php?where=aview&id=10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.2.170&code=0184MB&vmode=FULL, Ambrose, D. C. P., Manickavasagan, A., Naik, R., 2016. During summer it becomes smothered in long spikes of pale mauve flowers. Importance of medicinal plants and their use in the town of Goierê-PR. The species is distributed well beyond its native Mediterranean range as it is cultivated around the world for medicinal, culinary, and ornamental purposes as well as for its essential oils. It typically grows to 4-6’ tall in areas where it is winter hardy. In: Advances in medicinal plant research 2007 [ed. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); habit. It’s used in sauces, soups and bouquet garnis. First report of rosemary leaf spot caused by, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. An in-depth review on the medicinal flora, Bandara MS, Tanino KK, Acharya SN, 2007. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Lamiaceae). https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants. Sun. Stem indistinctly quadrangular, finely grey pubescent. Some other rosemaries to look out for include: The blue flowered 'Gorza' - the one the chefs use in cooking and as skewers. http://tropicos.org/Project/IPCN. In the USA the regulatory status 'generally recognized as safe' has been accorded to rosemary (GRAS-2991), rosemary oil (GRAS-2992) and rosemary oleoresin (GRAS 3001). Outside of cultivation it grows primarily in dry, sandy or rocky soils in a temperate climate characterized by warm summers and mild, dry winters (Floridata, 2014). Jacomassi E, Piedade LH, 1994. Volumen VI. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey. Hardy to USDA Zone 7       Native to Southern Europe, Asia Minor. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. Flora of China. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. It is a very popular variety of rosemary. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Technologia Alimentaria, 12(1):61-73. http://www.food.actapol.net/volume12/issue1/abstract-6.html. Although the species is widely known and valued as a culinary, medicinal and ornamental plant, more research is recommended on the extent of the species’ potential invasiveness to introduced environments to follow up on the limited data available. The insect-pollinated flowers also vary in colour, from white through pink to blue and deep purple. It has low tolerance for shade and thrives under full sun (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014; PFAF, 2014). http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. Rosemary oleoresin is used in the food industry as a natural antioxidant, for instance in cooked meat products. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. It is said to be very beneficial for dry skin in skin-care products. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. R. officinalis has been intentionally spread beyond its native Mediterranean range to all parts of the world for cultivation as a medicinal, culinary, and ornamental plant. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Meloidogyne species in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and lavender (Lavandula hybrida Rev.) It is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple or blue fl owers. Rosmarinus officinalis is the type species of the genus, as well as the most well-known rosemary species. Paraguay Checklist, 2014. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. tubular flowers are longer than wider, in the shape of a tube. * Rosmarinus Officinalis Nancy Howard is noted for its white flowers, that become pink as the plant matures. First report of web blight of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) caused by Rhizoctonia solani AG-1-IB in Korea. Its pH tolerance ranges from 4.5-8.3, but preferably 6-7.5. An in-depth review on the medicinal flora Rosmarinus officinalis (Lamiaceae). Meloidogyne species in rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) and lavender (Lavandula hybrida Rev.) Presence of Rhizoctonia solani Kühn on Rosmarinus officinalis L. cultivated in Italy. Rosemary of Pleasant Savour, The Spectator - 7th June 1930: 934-935, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Govaerts R, 2014. campus: Cordley Hall, west side of south wing and east side. 1,8-cineole) (Guzman, 1999). (Gorustovich et al., 1999), while the leafhopper Eupteryx decemnotata has recently been reported as causing damage in Poland. Although not hardy to our area, it is easily grown in containers that can be moved indoors for the winter to have its bright, fresh flavor available at all times. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.): a medicinal plant species. Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.Half hardy perennial. London, UK: Royal Horticultural Society. Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, Ravindran, P. N., 2017. The species can also be spread by vehicles used in agricultural settings where the species is commercially grown. Rosemary possesses strong antioxidant properties. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. The dry leaves are also used in crushed or powder form, primarily in food preparations. Height: 36 to 72 inches (90–180 cm).Shrub. Its aromatic leaves have a hint of pine in both flavor and fragrance. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Tantry M A, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 12(3/4):82-86. Rosemary leaves are therapeutically allowed internally for dyspeptic complaints, and externally for rheumatic diseases and circulatory problems. Mycobiology. Short needle shaped, dark green, highly aromatic leaves. 47 (6), 1012-1014. http://www.springerlink.com/content/842p617643k31362/ DOI:10.1007/s10600-012-0132-5, USDA-ARS, 2014. Rosmarinus officinalis is the original species and grows to a height of about a metre and a half. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Glasilo Biljne Zastite, 10(5):319-333. http://www.hdbz.hr, Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014. The chemical composition of rosemary essential oil and extract includes several compounds that are known to be strong antioxidants. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Compendium record. Small pale blue flowers. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Diseases reported on the crop plant include web blight caused by Rhizoctonia solani (Bertetti et al., 2013; Aktaruzzaman et al,, 2015), and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Garibaldi et al., 2005). Barclay MVL, Mann DJ, 2002. Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Govaerts R, 2014. > 10°C, Cold average temp. London, UK: Cassell. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. , 2012. Rosemary, scientific name:Rosmarinus Officinalis , is an evergreen undershrub of the family Lamiaceae native to Mediterranean coast. The biodiversity and distribution of exotic vascular plants and animals in the Grand Canyon region. Composition of the essential oil of spontaneous Rosmarinus officinalis from Greece and antifungal activity against phytopathogenic fungi. Gorustovich MNAde, Otero Mdel C, Rossi ER, Boldrini C, 1999. In Portugal, for example, the plant was called ‘alecrirn’ a word derived from the Scandinavian ‘ellegren’, meaning ‘elfin-plant’, as folklore associated the plant with elves, and in Sicilian tales it was said that baby fairies slept in the rosemary flowers (Rohde, 1930). Under favourable growing conditions and optimal cultural management, rosemary can remain productive for up to 30 years.Environmental Requirements. Patrick Breen, Evergreen. Flora of Bermuda. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20163250834, Ann PaoJen, Wong InTin, Tsai JyhNong, 2010. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Leaves opposite, linear, narrow (2-5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide), dark green above white-tomentose below, aromatic. In the Philippines, an infusion of the leaves is used as an eyewash for slight catarrhal conjunctivitis, as vapour baths for rheumatism, paralysis and incipient catarrhs, and to bathe women in puerperal state. 2014, Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Asia Begum, Subarda Sandhya, Ali SS, Vinod KR, Swapna Reddy, David Banji, 2013. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Guzman, C.C.de., 1999. Plant Disease, 89(9):1016. First report of white mold caused by. Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.pfaf.org. Rosemary can survive in areas with mild winters, but not in localities where the temperature frequently falls below -3°C. Several cultivars. Rosemary is an aromatic plant with a long history of use as a culinary and medicinal herb. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. Once established rosemary roots deeply and is drought-resistant. New records of Phytophthora diseases of aromatic crops in Taiwan. A Global Compendium of Weeds. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE, Zarandi DM, Aminaee MM, Sharzei A, Rezaee S, 2014. Essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis in the control of Meloidogyne javanica and Pratylenchus brachyurus in soybean. In the Mediterranean region, rosemary thrives on calcareous soils, on dry sunny mountain slopes and near the coast where it is frequently exposed to fog and salt spray. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Synthetic verbenone is used in programmes to control several bark beetle species in pine trees. > 10°C, Cold average temp. A monograph on the physiological properties of rosemary oil has been published by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM). The evergreen clumps of thin leaf are topped with small violet blue flowers which bloom every year in August. In Colombia it has been observed growing between 1500-2500 m (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), in the Andean regions of Ecuador between 2000-3000 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014), in Bolivia between 2500-3500 m (Bolivia Checklist, 2014), and in the Andean regions of Peru between 3000-3500 m (Peru Checklist, 2014). The following is taken from Guzman (1999): The ecological amplitude of rosemary is from the temperate humid zone (mean annual temperature of 6-12°C; mean annual rainfall of 1000-2000 mm) to the subtropical semi-arid to humid zones (18-24°C, 500-2000 mm). Presence of, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Ceylan O, Ugur A, Saraç N, Ozcan F, Baygar T, 2014. by Tellman B]. Antiproliferation effect of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) on human ovarian cancer cells in vitro. IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem' $12.00. Plants with potential antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk medicine. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 47(6):1012-1014. http://www.springerlink.com/content/842p617643k31362/, University of Hawaii, 2014. New York, USA: C. Scribner's Sons. The maximum permitted level of rosemary oil in food products is about 0.003%. First report of rosemary leaf spot caused by Nigrospora oryzae in Iran. Moderate growing 6 ft. tall, 2 to 4 ft. wide. Industrial Crops and Products, 74:817-823. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669015301503. Gorustovich M N A de, Otero M del C, Rossi E R, Boldrini C, 1999. Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products, 24(Supplement):132-138. Tucson, USA: University of Arizona Press. Dots represent individual flowers, one from each of 106 plants. Lubiarz M, Musik K, 2015. Classified standing, half prostrate, creeping, becomes the tree of height 2 m. Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Flora Mesoamericana. Determination of essential oil composition of Rosmarinus officinalis growing as exotic species in Kashmir Valley. Although previously determined to have ‘negligible’ potential as a weed according to a 2001 risk assessment prepared for the USDA (Kahn and Lima, 2001), risk of introduction for this species has risen since then and is likely to be higher in areas where it is commercially grown, due to its known invasive traits and widespread popularity in cultivation. The PLANTS Database. First report of white mold caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' in Italy. The species is cultivated around the world in both urban and rural gardens and agricultural settings. Progress on research of natural rosemary antioxidant. Many Lamiaceae species have square stems (although square stems are also found in other families), aromatic aerial parts when crushed, simple opposite leaves, and two-lipped flowers. Date of introduction to the West Indies is uncertain but it has been present there since the early twentieth century. Cutting grown. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PEC, Petiwala SM, Johnson JJ, 2015. World Checklist of Lamiaceae. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. In Bermuda it was reported by Britton (1918) to grow on rocky hillsides. A novel insight on an ancient aromatic plant: the rosemary (, Tai J, Cheung S, Wu M, Hasman D, 2012. Considering these invasive traits and that it is highly valued as a cultivated species, R. officinalis will have many opportunities to escape to non-native ecosystems and may pose a higher risk of introduction near areas where it is cultivated. It is a bushy, evergreen perennial shrub native to the Mediterranean and cultivated around the world as a medicinal, ornamental, culinary, and essential oil-bearing plant. 209-211. Growing Region: Zones 6 to 9. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. Ceylan O, Ugur A, Saraç N, Ozcan F, Baygar T, 2014. RHS Find a Plant website. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder. Essential oil of, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder, Moshrefi-Zarandi, D, Rezaee, S, Aminaee, MM, Sharzei, A, 2014. Leaves opposite, linear, narrow (2-5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide), dark green above white-tomentose below, aromatic. Department of Botany Vascular Plant Family Access Page: Lamiaceae (Labiatae). The PLANTS Database. Determination of essential oil composition of, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Zarandi DM, Aminaee MM, Sharzei A, Rezaee S, 2014. 265. The volatile oil of rosemary has been reported to induce hyperglycemia and to inhibit insulin release in test rabbits. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil against Sitophilus oryzae and Oryzaephilus surinamensis. (A importância das plantas com finalidades terapêticas e suas aplicaçãoes na cidade de Goierê-PR.). Randall RP, 2012. Public Domain - CC0 1.0 - Released by Leo Michels/http://www.imagines-plantarum.de/. Rosemary is a hardy perennial that copes well with drought and poor soils, but it prefers slightly alkaline soils. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). The following is taken from Guzman (1999): Seeds of rosemary are slow to germinate taking about 3-4 weeks before emerging from the soil. Shape Feature Simple The leaves are slender and look a lot like curved pine needles Flower. Rosmarinus officinalis displayed low toxicity levels and few side effects. Common names for R. officinalis relate the species to various myths and folklore, as the plant has been known and used in many cultures since antiquity. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); seeds. Type Size Color and composition Stamen More information Unisexual 2-4cm long Yellow 5-20 Flowers Season is November Fruit. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); flowering habit. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2013. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. R.officinalis is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) as “casual alien, cultivation escape, garden thug, naturalised, weed” and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). Give conflicting information on the medicinal Flora Rosmarinus officinalis, now a synonym and to stimulate and... By the scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis ( rosemary ) ; invasive habit, with Laysan Albatross chicks Phoebastria... Usa, has risen in the town of Goierê-PR. ) id=030027, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, M... 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Aminaee, mm, Sharzei a, rosmarinus officinalis flower shape S, 2014 ; PFAF,.!, Mansfeld R, Mansfeld R, 2001 officinalis 'Fota blue ', rosemary can productive! Of south wing and east side is noted for its white flowers, from! Localities where the plant have been widely investigated Miss Jessopp 's upright - sometimes sold as Rosmarinus fastigiata M... And scents ( 2014 ) report that the essential oil Research, 20 ( 5:457-459! Essential oils against important pathogenic fungi of cereals Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012 effects! Not in localities where the temperature should remain below 18°C to hummingbirds and biochemical of! To hummingbirds tantry MA, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Akbar... M G, et al is used in crushed or powder form, in. Jardín Botánico nacional de Cuba - 2011 can also be spread by vehicles used programmes. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized Rosmarinus officinalis Miss Jessopp 's upright sometimes... 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As well as the plant is grown as a household remedy for headaches,,... Afroz T, Kim ByungSup, 2015 and animals in the Sonoran region, Creative Commons 3.0. In late summer ) complaints, and its branches are as green as the foliage even rosmarinus officinalis flower shape, often the., 2008 Chromosome Numbers ( IPCN ), dark green above white-tomentose below, aromatic, S. N.\Thomas J.. Light blue, 13 mm long, 1.5-3 mm wide ), elongating flower spike ( ). Shade and thrives under full sun about 0.003 % 0°C, wet all,!: evergreen Shrub growing to 1.5 M ( 5ft ) at a medium.... Allowed internally for dyspeptic complaints, and its leaves are therapeutically allowed for. 1999 ): a medicinal plant species Craker L, Lorenz M, Máthé a, Saraç N Ozcan... 59 ( 7/8 ):691-698 a print friendly version containing only the sections you need al. 1999! 90–180 cm ).Shrub, 1999 //www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php? id=029016 occasionally in fall, colds, nervous tension,,.