A person would begin a life of study in the Gurukula (the household of the Guru). The word guru (Sanskrit: गुरु), a noun, connotes "teacher" in Sanskrit, but in ancient Indian traditions it has contextual meanings with significance beyond what teacher means in English. lama nampa shyi) in Tibetan Buddhism: In various Buddhist traditions, there are equivalent words for guru, which include Shastri (teacher), Kalyana Mitra (friendly guide, Pali: Kalyāṇa-mittatā), Acarya (master), and Vajra-Acarya (hierophant). Support and Sponsor The Sanskrit Channel, on Patreon: [38][52] At the Gurukul, the working student would study the basic traditional vedic sciences and various practical skills-oriented sastras[53] along with the religious texts contained within the Vedas and Upanishads. [68][69][Note 6] In practice, state Stella Kramrisch and others, the guru tradition and availability of education extended to all segments of ancient and medieval society. The syllable gu means darkness, the syllable ru, he who dispels them, [2] The guru, and gurukula – a school run by guru, were an established tradition in India by the 1st millennium BCE, and these helped compose and transmit the various Vedas, the Upanishads, texts of various schools of Hindu philosophy, and post-Vedic Shastras ranging from spiritual knowledge to various arts. Guru (/ˈɡuːruː/, UK also /ˈɡʊruː, ˈɡʊər-/; Sanskrit: गुरु, IAST: guru) is a Sanskrit term for a "teacher, guide, expert, or master" of certain knowledge or field. According to Kundalini teacher Guru Rattana, “Ek means ‘One, the essence of all,’ ‘Ong’ is the primal vibration from which all creativity flows, ‘Kar’ is creation, ‘Sat’ truth, ‘Nam’ name, ‘Siri’ great, ‘Wha’ ecstasy, and ‘Guru’ is wisdom. J Sinha (2014), Psycho-Social Analysis of the Indian Mindset, Springer Academic. X    R    Al vrij snel word dit toegepast op de 'geestelijk leraar'. Jennie Lee is an author and Certified Yoga Therapist with 20 years experience teaching Classical Yoga & Meditation. These shlokas praise the guru for his God like qualities. The hymn 4.5.6 of Rigveda, for example, states Joel Mlecko, describes the guru as, "the source and inspirer of the knowledge of the Self, the essence of reality," for one who seeks. Georg Feuerstein (2011), The Deeper Dimension of Yoga: Theory and Practice, Shambhala Publications, "Gurus are not prophets who declare the will of God and appeal to propositions found in a Scripture. Voordat we dit verder uitwerken eerst iets over de etymologie. Uppaluri Gopala (U. G.) Krishnamurti (2002) (Revised ed.) The most ecstatic method for chanting the Guru Gita is to recite the sanskrit out loud, while simultaneously holding the English meaning internally. [30] Guru thus has a historic, reverential and an important role in the Hindu culture. (Learn What Makes a True Guru. Traditionally the guru is a reverential figure to the disciple (or chela in Sanskrit) or student, with the guru serving as a "counselor, who helps mold values, shares experiential knowledge as much as literal knowledge, an exemplar in life, an inspirational source and who helps in the spiritual evolution of a student". [81] However, various Hindu texts caution prudence and diligence in finding the right guru, and avoiding the wrong ones. Miri-Piri. Sikhism is derived from the Sanskrit word shishya, or disciple and is all about the relationship between the teacher and a student. A true guru is, asserts Kula-Arnava, one who lives the simple virtuous life he preaches, is stable and firm in his knowledge, master yogi with the knowledge of Self (soul) and Brahman (ultimate reality). [79] In Tantra, states Feuerstein, the guru is the "ferry who leads one across the ocean of existence. That way you obtain the benefit and joy of having the Sanskrit vibrate the chakras and atune them to the highest frequency, while you contemplate the profound truth behind the words. Derived from the Sanskrit word, gu, which means “darkness,” and ru, which translates as “remover,” the guru is more than just a teacher, but someone who removes spiritual darkness and paves the way to enlightenment and unity with Brahman.Om is the sound that represents Brahman, the universe and essence of creation. Because of this state of realization (enlightenment), a guru is uniquely qualified to lead other spiritual seekers on their inward journey toward divine Self-realization. V Narayanan (Editors: Harold Coward and Philip Cook, 1997), Religious Dimensions of Child and Family Life, Wilfrid Laurier University Press. Punjabi Guru-September 17, 2020. [11][12] The guru concept has thrived in Vajrayāna Buddhism, where the tantric guru is considered a figure to worship and whose instructions should never be violated. Sentence. [69], In theory, the early Dharma-sutras and Dharma-sastras, such as Paraskara Grhyasutra, Gautama Smriti and Yajnavalkya smriti, state all four varnas are eligible to all fields of knowledge; while verses of Manusmriti state that Vedic study is available only to men of three varnas, unavailable to Shudra and women. The Temporal Lord, who created Shiva, the Yogi; who created Brahma, the Master of the Vedas; [75] During the bhakti movement of Hinduism, which started in about mid 1st millennium CE, the gurus included women and members of all varna. Q    [92] In Mahayana Buddhism, a term for Buddha is Bhaisajya guru, which refers to "medicine guru", or "a doctor who cures suffering with the medicine of his teachings". [6] This guru-driven tradition included arts such as sculpture, poetry and music. [63] In south India, 9th century Vedic schools attached to Hindu temples were called Calai or Salai, and these provided free boarding and lodging to students and scholars. तस्यैते कथिता ह्यर्थाः प्रकाशन्ते महात्मनः ॥ २३ ॥[39] These slokas can be recited any time or on specific occasions like … According to the American sociologist David G. Bromley this was partially due to the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1965 which permitted Asian gurus entrance to the USA. A    To him who is high-minded, H    G    [83], In modern neo-Hinduism, Kranenborg states guru may refer to entirely different concepts, such as a spiritual advisor, or someone who performs traditional rituals outside a temple, or an enlightened master in the field of tantra or yoga or eastern arts who derives his authority from his experience, or a reference by a group of devotees of a sect to someone considered a god-like Avatar by the sect. [84][85][87], In some forms of Buddhism, states Rita Gross, the concept of Guru is of supreme importance. F    [29], The tradition of reverence for guru continues in several denominations within modern Hinduism, but he or she is typically never considered as a prophet, but one who points the way to spirituality, Oneness of being, and meaning in life. 39, No. III, Motilal Banarsidass. The guru is the glorious Vajradhara, in this life only the guru is the means [to awakening]. Gurus have shared the essence of the Absolute and experienced the oneness of being, which endows them with divine powers and the ability to master people and things in this world.". The teacher must enjoin means in the student that are enjoined by the Śruti and Smrti, such as avoidance of anger, Yamas consisting of Ahimsa and others, also the rules of conduct that are not inconsistent with knowledge. When the teacher finds from signs that knowledge has not been grasped or has been wrongly grasped by the student, he should remove the causes of non-comprehension in the student. M    [2], The word Guru is mentioned in the earliest layer of Vedic texts. In Sanskrit Guru गुरु is gu and ru . Here is a compilation of 10 Sanskrit slokas and quotes from Shree Guru Stotram and other vedic resources to pay tribute to our Gurus. Author of Breathing Love: Meditation in Action and True Yoga: Practicing with the Yoga Sutras for Happiness and Spiritual Fulfillment, she is a compassionate coach for students who want to apply the deeper teachings of yoga to their goals and challenges on and off the mat. Whoever, hallowed by holy merit, ponders the above octad extolling the Guru, whose mind is centred upon the words of the Guru, whether such a person be an ascetic, sovereign, student or householder, attains the desired goal, the consummation of union with brahman. He who has highest Bhakti (love, devotion)[40] of Deva (god), [102], According to the professor in sociology Stephen A. Kent at the University of Alberta and Kranenborg (1974), one of the reasons why in the 1970s young people including hippies turned to gurus was because they found that drugs had opened for them the existence of the transcendental or because they wanted to get high without drugs. N    Only when someone is completely without egocentric, selfish motives can they possibly guide another from darkness to light of awakening. The fields of study in traditional guru-sisya parampara were diverse, ranging from Hindu philosophy, martial arts, music, dance to various Vedangas. C    [104] One example of such group was the Hare Krishna movement (ISKCON) founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada in 1966, many of whose followers voluntarily accepted the demanding lifestyle of bhakti yoga on a full-time basis, in stark contrast to much of the popular culture of the time. [76][77][78], The Advayataraka Upanishad states that the true teacher is a master in the field of knowledge, well-versed in the Vedas, is free from envy, knows yoga, lives a simple life that of a yogi, has realized the knowledge of the Atman (Soul, Self). As an alternative to established religions, some people in Europe and the USA looked to spiritual guides and gurus from India and other countries. Alex Wayman (1987), The Guru in Buddhism, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 09:36. Sunil Kothari and Avinash Pasricha (2001), Kuchipudi, Abhinav Publications. Guru in Sanskrit refers to a teacher or a guide. The word comes from (Sanskrit: गु , darkness, and Ru, light (prakash); literally a preceptor who shows others … Each religion talks of a universal God, who is eternal and infinite.". The word comes from Sanskrit Gu, darkness, and Ru, light (prakash); literally a preceptor who shows others knowledge (light) and destroys ignorance (darkness). John Cort (2011), Jains in the World : Religious Values and Ideology in India, Oxford University Press. Richard Kieckhefer and George Bond (1990), Sainthood: Its Manifestations in World Religions, University of California Press. "[Note 3][Note 4][28], Reender Kranenborg disagrees, stating that darkness and light have nothing to do with the word guru. 7/8, pages 43-54. [13][14], In the Western world, the term is sometimes used in a derogatory way to refer to individuals who have allegedly exploited their followers' naiveté, particularly in certain cults or groups in the fields of hippie, new religious movements, self-help and tantra.[15]. Peter Fl Gel and Peter Flügel (2006), Studies in Jaina History and Culture, Routledge. [30] The ultimate liberation, contentment, freedom in the form of moksha and inner perfection is considered achievable in the Hindu belief by two means: with the help of guru, and with evolution through the process of karma including rebirth in some schools of Hindu philosophy. George Michell (1988), The Hindu Temple: An Introduction to Its Meaning and Forms, University of Chicago Press. [30] At an individual level in Hinduism, the Guru is many things, including being a teacher of skills, a counselor, one who helps in the birth of mind and realization of one's soul, who instils values and experiential knowledge, an exemplar, an inspiration and who helps guide a student's (śiṣya) spiritual development. Although used in modern dialogue to indicate an expert at something, a true guru is one who has attained self-mastery, that is complete control of the ego and communion with universal Consciousness. ਜਵਨ ਕਾਲ ਸਭ ਲੋਕ ਸਵਾਰਾ ॥ ਨਮਸ਼ਕਾਰ ਹੈ ਤਾਹਿ ਹਮਾਰਾ ॥੩੮੪॥ I    [83] The attribute of the successful guru is to help make the disciple into another guru, one who transcends him, and becomes a guru unto himself, driven by inner spirituality and principles. [65][66][67], The Hindu texts offer a conflicting view of whether access to guru and education was limited to men and to certain varna (castes). - Renew or change your cookie consent. A guru (Sanskrit: गुरु) is a person who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom and authority in a given area, and uses it to guide others. Hartmut Scharfe (2007), Education in Ancient India: Handbook of Oriental Studies, Brill Academic. Preece, Rob, "The teacher-student relationship" in, Kester, Sacha "Ticket naar Nirvana"/"Ticket to Nirvana", article in the Dutch Newspaper, "Arti kata guru - Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Online", "The Dissolution of the Order of the Star: A Statement by J. Krishnamurti", The Mystique of Enlightenment: The Radical Ideas of U.G. 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S Jagadananda (Translator, 1949), Upadeshasahasri, Vedanta Press, Stella Kramrisch (1958), Traditions of the Indian Craftsman, The Journal of American Folklore, Volume 71, Number 281, Traditional India: Structure and Change (Jul. [64] Archaeological and epigraphical evidence suggests that ancient and medieval era gurukuls near Hindu temples offered wide range of studies, ranging from Hindu scriptures to Buddhist texts, grammar, philosophy, martial arts, music and painting. At an individual level in Hinduism, the Guru is many things, including being a teacher of skills, a counselor, one who helps in the birth of mind and realization of one'… As an adjective, it means 'heavy,' or 'weighty,' in the sense of "heavy with knowledge,"[Note 1] heavy with spiritual wisdom,[17] "heavy with spiritual weight,"[18] "heavy with the good qualities of scriptures and realization,"[19] or "heavy with a wealth of knowledge. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. guru -- the spiritual master -- Sanskrit Dictionary Meaning of the Sanskrit Word: guru guru —the spiritual master Bg 17.14, SB 6.1.56-57, SB 7.12.2, Adi 1.20, Adi 1.32, Adi 1.45, Adi 1.58, Adi 12.14, Madhya 8.128, Madhya 9.60 (and more...) [56][57][58], The gurukul would be a hut in a forest, or it was, in some cases, a monastery, called a matha or ashram or sampradaya in different parts of India. William Pinch (2012), Warrior Ascetics and Indian Empires, Cambridge University Press. Should I form a relationship with a yoga guru? [1] In pan-Indian traditions, a guru is more than a teacher. [97], In Sikhism, Guru is the source of all knowledge which is Almighty. Therefore, teachers and mentors hold a special place in a person's life. Guru is a Sanskrit word that means “dispeller of darkness,” from gu, meaning "darkness," and ru, meaning "that which dispels." Georg Feuerstein (1998), Tantra: The Path of Ecstasy, Shambhala Publications. [106], According to Kranenborg (1984), Jesus Christ fits the Hindu definition and characteristics of a guru.[107]. ), Yogapedia Terms:    He describes this as a folk etymology. Ru is light A person who removes darkness in the form of ignorance . The oldest references to the concept of guru are found in the earliest Vedic texts of Hinduism. As a noun the word means the imparter of knowledge (jñāna; also Pali: ñāna). Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. Honest - They are not seeking blind obedience or a cult-like following. [68] The Yajurveda and Atharvaveda texts state that knowledge is for everyone, and offer examples of women and people from all segments of society who are guru and participated in vedic studies. Sri Guru Stotram (Guru Vandanam) - Meaning | Vaidika Vignanam Guru Vandanam or guru stotram are Sanskrit stanzas addressed to teacher or guru. Gu is darkness . SS Kumar (2010), Bhakti - the Yoga of Love, LIT Verlag. HS Singha & Satwant Kaur, "Sikhism, A Complete Introduction", Hemkunt Press. गुरु महिमा श्लोक, Sanskrit Slokas on Guru Teacher with Meaning in Hindi, sanskrit slokas on guru with meaning in hindi, teachers shloka However, the basic concept in each religion remains the same. Gurus from many denominations traveled to Western Europe and the US and established followings. [Note 5], Joel Mlecko states, "Gu means ignorance, and Ru means dispeller," with guru meaning the one who "dispels ignorance, all kinds of ignorance", ranging from spiritual to skills such as dancing, music, sports and others. The guru's son is guru putra, while the guru's daughter is the guru putri. Literal meaning of Guru is a teacher or a spiritual leader. Guru Paduka Stotram Lyrics in Sanskrit अनंत संसार समुद्र तार नौकायिताभ्यां गुरुभक्तिदाभ्यां। वैराग्य साम्राज्यद पूजनाभ्यां नमो नमः श्री गुरु पादुकाभ्यां॥१॥ [Note 2] The guru is seen as the one who "dispels the darkness of ignorance. [7] These gurus led broad ranges of studies including Hindu scriptures, Buddhist texts, grammar, philosophy, martial arts, music and painting. A Guru is one who has immense knowledge, wisdom, and command over a subject and makes use of it to guide his disciples. The original sanskrit text with its translitereated English version and English meaning is given below. [51], Traditionally, the Guru would live a simple married life, and accept shishya (student, Sanskrit: शिष्य) where he lived. Jeffery D Long (2009), Jainism: An Introduction, IB Tauris. [30] At a social and religious level, the Guru helps continue the religion and Hindu way of life. All three derive from the Proto-Indo-European root *gʷerə-, specifically from the zero-grade form *gʷr̥ə-.[23]. There are Four Kinds of Lama (Guru) or spiritual teacher[91] (Tib. [96], The guru is revered in Jainism ritually with Guru-vandan or Guru-upashti, where respect and offerings are made to the guru, and the guru sprinkles a small amount of vaskep (a scented powder mixture of sandalwood, saffron, and camphor) on the devotee's head with a mantra or blessings. guru translation in English-Sanskrit dictionary. [30] Karen Pechelis states that, in the popular parlance, the "dispeller of darkness, one who points the way" definition for guru is common in the Indian tradition. Meaning (English) 9. William Owen Cole (1982), The Guru in Sikhism, Darton Longman & Todd. J    [103][104] According to Kent, another reason why this happened so often in the USA then, was because some anti-Vietnam War protesters and political activists became worn out or disillusioned of the possibilities to change society through political means, and as an alternative turned to religious means. Cookies help us deliver our services. D    Misschien doe een goeroe dat ook inderdaad, maar het heeft niets met de betekenis van het woord te maken, het is volksetymologie. He is never a transgressor of the rules of conduct, devoid of weaknesses such as ostentation, pride, deceit, cunning, jugglery, jealousy, falsehood, egotism and attachment. [9][10] In Sikhism, the guru tradition has played a key role since its founding in the 15th century, its founder is referred to as Guru Nanak, and its scripture as Guru Granth Sahib. Self-controlled – They can enter the unblinking, un-moving, non-breathing state of. Many spiritual teachers have fallen from their hallowed title of guru when they succumbed to temptations around sex, money or power. The process of acceptance included proffering firewood and sometimes a gift to the guru, signifying that the student wants to live with, work and help the guru in maintaining the gurukul, and as an expression of a desire for education in return over several years. Here is collection of Some popular Guru Slokas : [31], In Western Esotericism and the Science of Religion, Pierre Riffard makes a distinction between "occult" and "scientific" etymologies, citing as an example of the former the etymology of 'guru' in which the derivation is presented as gu ("darkness") and ru ('to push away'); the latter he exemplifies by "guru" with the meaning of 'heavy'. P    Patrick Olivelle (2004), Manu's Code of Law, Oxford University Press. [13] The tantras state that the guru is equivalent to Buddha, states Berkwitz, and is a figure to worship and whose instructions should never be violated.[13][14][90]. [95] The guru-tattva is what leads a lay person to the other two tattva. He [teacher] should also thoroughly impress upon the student qualities like humility, which are the means to knowledge. The Temporal Lord who fashioned the entire world; I salute the same Lord. [33], The Upanishads, that is the later layers of the Vedic text, mention guru. Stefan Pertz (2013), The Guru in Me - Critical Perspectives on Management, GRIN Verlag. Virtuous – They do not ask for adoration or sexual favors. In Sanskrit, guru means literally dispeller of darkness. Winand Callewaert and Mukunda Lāṭh (1989), The Hindi Songs of Namdev, Peeters Publishers. [4] In the Tagalog language, Indonesian[5] and Malay the word simply means teacher. [7][8], The tradition of the guru is also found in Jainism, referring to a spiritual preceptor, a role typically served by a Jain ascetic. Although used in modern dialogue to indicate an expert at something, a true guru is one who has attained self-mastery, that is complete control … V    Meaning:- "The Guru of the prophets, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv ji is God almighty himself. William Johnston (2013), Encyclopedia of Monasticism, Routledge. All this is because in his grace lies the source of liberation. Karen Pechelis (2004), The Graceful Guru: Hindu Female Gurus in India and the United States, Oxford University Press, Swami Satyananda, Devi Mandir, "Shree Maa: Guru and Goddess" (. Therefore, someone wishing to attain the state of Buddhahood should please the guru. Thus, guru stands for the teacher who is the remover of darkness and is the harbinger of enlightenment. [68][70] The Upanishads assert that one's birth does not determine one's eligibility for spiritual knowledge, only one's effort and sincerity matters. "[2] The word has the same meaning in other languages derived from or borrowing words from Sanskrit, such as Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia, Bengali, Gujarati and Nepali. The guru is the Buddha, the guru is the Dhamma, and the guru is the Sangha. He is the only one form the beginning to the end; I consider Him only my Guru. [92] The guru is literally understood as "weighty", states Alex Wayman, and it refers to the Buddhist tendency to increase the weight of canons and scriptures with their spiritual studies. Jeaneane D. Fowler (2012), The Bhagavad Gita, Sussex Academic Press, शिष्यस्य ज्ञानग्रहणं च लिन्गैर्बुद्ध्वा तदग्रहणहेतूनधर्म लौकिकप्रमादनित्यानित्य(वस्तु) विवेकविषयासञ्जातदृढपूर्वश्रुतत्व-लोक-चिन्तावेक्षण-जात्याद्यभिमानादींस्तत्प्रतिपक्षैः श्रुतिस्मृतिविहितैरपनयेदक्रोधादिभिरहिंसादिभिश्च यमैर्ज्ञानाविरुद्धैश्च नियमैः ॥ ४॥ अमानित्वादिगुणं च ज्ञानोपायं सम्यग् ग्राहयेत् ॥ ५॥. In this Video Series, let's learn Guru Ashtakam, with word by word meaning and Pronunciation. Gurus who rob their disciples of their wealth are numerous. Karl Potter (2008), Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies Vol. K    Guruvāra (गुरुवार):—[=guru-vāra] [from guru] m. = -divasa, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 3, 389] ([Mahābhārata]) context information. Female equivalent of gurus are called gurvis. A guru (Sanskrit: गुरु) is a person who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom and authority in a given area, and uses it to guide others. Discerning – They do not use spiritual powers (. It is extremely important in this time of bravado branding of personalities, that we be careful to distinguish the true from the false. They who choose to live in the temples – now a very small minority -chant the. A popular etymological theory considers the term "guru" to be based on the syllables gu (गु) and ru (रु), which it claims stands for darkness and "light that dispels it", respectively. 'Piri' means spiritual authority and 'Miri' means temporal authority. L    The 8th century Hindu text Upadesasahasri of the Advaita Vedanta philosopher Adi Shankara discusses the role of the guru in assessing and guiding students. More of your questions answered by our Experts, The Guru Guide: What to Watch Out for When Seeking Your Spiritual Master, Seeking Your Guru: A History of Gurus in the West + 6 Bits of Advice for the Seeker, Peace and Unity: Paramahansa Yogananda's Wishes for the World, 5 Things You Learn Hanging Out With Deepak Chopra. The Guru is an ancient and central figure in the traditions of Hinduism. [2] Whatever language it is written in, Judith Simmer-Brown explains that a tantric spiritual text is often codified in an obscure twilight language so that it cannot be understood by anyone without the verbal explanation of a qualified teacher, the guru. But, O Goddess, difficult to find is a guru who removes the disciples' suffering. [82] The guru is one who initiates, transmits, guides, illuminates, debates and corrects a student in the journey of knowledge and of self-realization. The teacher's sole aim is to help others and a desire to impart the knowledge. Terms of Use - In allerlei populaire literatuur, ook in India zelf, wordt het woord 'guru' uiteengelegd in 'gu' en 'ru', als omschrijvingen voor licht en duister; de goeroe is dan degene die zijn leerling uit het materiële duister overbrengt naar het geestelijk licht. Cookies help us deliver our services. Guru is a Sanskrit word that means “dispeller of darkness,” from gu, meaning "darkness," and ru, meaning "that which dispels." The teacher is one who is endowed with the power of furnishing arguments pro and con, of understanding questions [of the student], and remembers them. T    [61][62], Inscriptions from 4th century CE suggest the existence of gurukuls around Hindu temples, called Ghatikas or Mathas, where the Vedas were studied. Christopher Key Chapple (Editor) and Winthrop Sargeant (Translator), The Bhagavad Gita: Twenty-fifth–Anniversary Edition, State University of New York Press. Meaning (Hindi) The text describes the need, role and characteristics of a teacher,[47] as follows. Barrett, D. V. The New Believers - A survey of sects, cults and alternative religions 2001 UK, Cassell & Co. Kranenborg, Reender (Dutch language) Een nieuw licht op de kerk? Zo krijgt het begrip 'guru' de betekenis van 'groot', 'geweldig' of 'belangrijk', en iets verdergaand krijgt het aspecten van 'eerbiedwaardig' en 'vererenswaardig'. [3] A guru is also one's spiritual guide, who helps one to discover the same potentialities that the guru has already realized. Humble – They want nothing for their own gain, only the good of the student. Lise McKean (1996), Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement, University of Chicago Press. Peaceful – They are unflappable because their egos have no personal motive. [82] For example, in Kula-Arnava text states the following guidance: Gurus are as numerous as lamps in every house. The teacher possesses tranquility, self-control, compassion and a desire to help others, who is versed in the Śruti texts (Vedas, Upanishads), and unattached to pleasures here and hereafter, knows the subject and is established in that knowledge. Here is … [45][46] In Chapter 1, he states that teacher is the pilot as the student walks in the journey of knowledge, he is the raft as the student rows. [68][69] The Vedas and the Upanishads never mention any restrictions based either on gender or on varna. Paul Williams (1989), Mahāyāna Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations, Routledge. student translation in English-Sanskrit dictionary. [2][6][7] By about mid 1st millennium CE, archaeological and epigraphical evidence suggest numerous larger institutions of gurus existed in India, some near Hindu temples, where guru-shishya tradition helped preserve, create and transmit various fields of knowledge. [7][8], The Guru (teacher) Shishya (disciple) parampara or guru parampara, occurs where the knowledge (in any field) is passed down through the succeeding generations. Sanskrit term for a "teacher, guide, expert, or master" of certain knowledge or field, Capabilities, role and methods for helping a student, तस्यैते कथिता ह्यर्थाः प्रकाशन्ते महात्मनः ॥ २३ ॥, "Guru: a spiritual master; one who is heavy with knowledge of the Absolute and who removes nescience with the light of the divine. Text, mention guru were fundamental to guru meaning in sanskrit acquisition of knowledge ( 2002 ) Revised!, textbooks and so on are numerous University Press, Motilal Banarsidass acquisition of knowledge `` the... 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Te maken, het is volksetymologie support and Sponsor the Sanskrit out loud, simultaneously. They exhibit pure, unconditional Love and goodwill for all, Darton Longman & Todd services, you agree our... Sheldon Pollock ( 2009 ), Buddhism After Patriarchy, SUNY Press religion Hindu! Role of the Vedic text, mention guru 'piri ' means temporal authority ( 1990 ), a by. Lama ( guru ) is collection of Some popular guru Slokas: Sanskrit verses that perfect... The Veda, Volume 1, Motilal Banarsidass ( 2006 ), the 's. The Hindi Songs of Namdev, Peeters Publishers Buddhism 's Tantric teachings, the guru in,... Dit verder uitwerken eerst iets over de etymologie 1971 ), Bhakti - the Yoga Love... ] however, various Hindu texts caution prudence and diligence in finding the right guru, meaning who... Lise McKean ( 1996 ), Motilal Banarsidass ] the guru-tattva is what leads a lay person to the,. 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